Bill of Rights for Data Privacy and Security

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    Education Law §2-d Bill of Rights for Data Privacy and Security 

     

    Parents (includes legal guardians or persons in parental relationships) and Eligible Students (student 18
    years and older) can expect the following:

     

      1. A student’s personally identifiable information (PII) cannot be sold or released for any commercial
        purpose. PII, as defined by Education Law § 2-d and FERPA, includes direct identifiers such as a
        student’s name or identification number, parent’s name, or address; and indirect identifiers such as a
        student’s date of birth, which when linked to or combined with other information can be used to
        distinguish or trace a student’s identity. Please see FERPA’s regulations at 34 CFR 99.3 for a more
        complete definition.


      2. The right to inspect and review the complete contents of the student’s education record
        stored or maintained by an educational agency. This right may not apply to parents of an
        Eligible Student.


      3. State and federal laws such as Education Law § 2-d; the Commissioner of Education’s Regulations
        at 8 NYCRR Part 121, the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act ("FERPA") at 12 U.S.C. 1232g
        (34 CFR Part 99); Children's Online Privacy Protection Act ("COPPA") at 15 U.S.C. 6501-6502 (16
        CFR Part 312); Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment ("PPRA") at 20 U.S.C. 1232h (34 CFR Part 98);
        the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (“IDEA”) at 20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq. (34 CFR Part 300);
        protect the confidentiality of a student’s identifiable information.


      4. Safeguards associated with industry standards and best practices including but not limited to
        encryption, firewalls and password protection must be in place when student PII is stored or
        transferred.


      5. A complete list of all student data elements collected by NYSED is available at
        http://www.nysed.gov/data-privacy-security/student-data-inventory and by writing to:
        Chief Privacy Officer, New York State Education Department, 89 Washington Avenue,
        Albany, NY 12234.


      6. The right to have complaints about possible breaches and unauthorized disclosures of PII
        addressed. Complaints may be submitted to NYSED at http://www.nysed.gov/data-privacysecurity/report-improper-disclosure, by mail to: Chief Privacy Officer, New York State
        Education Department, 89 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12234; by email to
        privacy@nysed.gov; or by telephone at 518-474- 0937.

      7. To be notified in accordance with applicable laws and regulations if a breach or unauthorized
        release of PII occurs.


      8. Educational agency workers that handle PII will receive training on applicable state and
        federal laws, policies, and safeguards associated with industry standards and best practices
        that protect PII.


      9. Educational agency contracts with vendors that receive PII will address statutory and
        regulatory data privacy and security requirements.